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Osteoporosis and Osteopenia

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Osteoporosis is a “weakness” of the bones. They become more vulnerable to stress and at risk of fractures. It is more common in women and is something that develops over time.

It can be related to age, nutrition or certain medical conditions.

Bone density scans are commonly recommended by GPs who are concerned about patients who are at risk of osteoporosis or patients who have developed fractures when there may have been very little trauma involved.

X-rays can help with diagnosis too and sometimes the early signs of osteoporosis show in X-rays and may suggest that someone is at risk. Further investigation may be needed if this happens just to check the risk factors in more detail.

Osteopenia is the name given to the early stages of osteoporosis, when there are changes to the bone, but it is not so severe.

The following things may be recommended for osteoporosis, but it is important that you speak with a GP or appropriate medical professional first.

  • Weight bearing exercises such as walking or appropriate resistance training (weights), but it may be a good idea to speak with a personal trainer for more specific exercise ideas.
  • Medication prescribed by your GP or a consultant.
  • Eating foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D.
  • Some supplements, though it is important to research these properly and discuss with an appropriate health professional to check how effective they are and make sure it is safe for you to take them.
Osteoporosis and Osteopenia
Osteoporosis and Osteopenia
Osteoporosis and Osteopenia